Ch.36: Torre del GrecoVilla Sorae
In Roman times, Torre del Greco was probably a suburb of Herculaneum, characterized by patrician villas all along the coast, up to Stabiae. After the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD that destroyed the region, two villages are known to have existed in the region, and SORA CALASTRUM.
The Byzantine general Belisarius moved their inhabitants in Naples in 535. Around 700, it is known TurrisOctava a place name (Eighth Tour) Likely referring to a coastal watchtower here present. In 880 the territory was colonized by the Saracens with the permission of the Bishop Athanasius of Naples.
The current name appears for the first time in 1015, according to tradition, it derives from a Greek hermit who took up residence in the tower, or from the culture of a particular variety of Greece.
Villa SORAE in present Torre del Greco, dating back to the first century AD, and, given its size and its decorative program, is believed to have belonged to the imperial family. The villa was built on three floors, the uppermost floor collapsed after the eruption of Vesuvius, while the lower floors were buried by volcanic debris.The villa, known in the seventeenth century after the discovery of some marble sculptures, was excavated "'by the Bourbons in the eighteenth century. The villa was rediscovered in 1974.
The building was decorated with beautiful frescoes and mosaic floors and marble composite panels. The vast SMEAP room, open onto a corridor which in turn leads to a semicircular fountain. The peristyle of the villa measured over 60 square meters, and was paved with polychrome marble. Some of the best frescoes are held in stores Herculanum.La Maritime Villa Sora, already explored in the period of the Bourbons, is outside the city in a panoramic position. The search was resumed by the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, between 1989 and 1992 and, in addition to the partial recovery of the area already dug in the eighteenth century, particularly in regard to the large front room that opened onto a patio garden to the north, and led to other discovered more interesting: the oecus decorated in style with 3 red background;
the decorated hall 4 ° style with a black background; a large living room decorated in 4 ° style; a cubicula with paintings of 4th style on light blue background; the service corridor decorated with a yellow background. In the apse to the west of the hall were also highlighted two areas with walls reticulated opus and a corridor of service. Based building techniques in place of some of the most significant structures revealed the remains date back to the late Republican period, identified in flooring marble mosaic and fragments of paintings in the style of 2 ° style ; were also found fragments of Campanian type ceramics in filling layers of the original layout of the villa and have been dated 1st century AD.
In rooms at the time of the eruption were ongoing renovations because of damages suffered by the earthquake of 62. The frescoes in the Villa, were seconded to save and subsequently raised in the Antiquarium Museum of Herculaneum excavations. Part of the villa, buried by the eruption of 79 AD, posthumous time at 79 was occupied by a building, near which were found some very interesting elements: a statue draped figure with no Greek marble head a fluted column of limestone and a small altar in white marble dating from the 2nd / 3rd centuries AD with the inscription:
IOVI / LUCO / SACRUM
this attesting to the presence in the region of a sacred grove dedicated to Zeus. The discovery of ancient tombs confirms the presence of a primitive whole, the ashes in 79 AD.