Ch.34: Somma VesuvianaThe news excavations of Villa Augustus
The villa is located in the town of Starza della Regina located on the northern slopes of Vesuvius, in the municipality of Somma Vesuviana.
The official presence of this town in the history of the region, is recorded around 184 BC, when Rome sent the consul Quinto Fabius Labeonis to settle controversies between Neapolis and gents Nolae; to this effect were erected military control towers called Castrum and one of them was erected on the slopes of Vesuvius that now was encor compact and with a height of 3000 meters. This specific Castrum, was called "Castrum Sussivius" and that is the first village Sommae born.
The complex, partially excavated between 1934-36 by Matteo Della Corte under the supervision of Amedeo Maiuri, revealed the remains of a large house of palatial type of campaign, see an imperial villa that we think is owned by the Emperor Augustus.
Excavations are currently covering 1,500 square meters, but it was estimated that the complex had to be much wider, covering at least 10,000 square meters with the ground around him. The discoveries structures are part of a large building of Roman character, built in the first Imperial period, which has withstood the catastrophe of 79 AD since protected by Mount Somma, therefore survived over time until the 5th century, or he sees its end in the eruption of 472 AD which completely bury.
In consideration of its monumentality, it was assumed that this was the last home and lived and died the Emperor Augustus Octavio, something repeatedly mentioned in literary sources concerning the diatribes Nolae the "apud Nolam .... " (Suet. Aug. 98; 100; Tib. 40 Tac., Ann., I, 5;I, 9; IV, 57) The excavation work carried out by the University of Tokyo from 2001 to 2006 revealed a number of spacious rooms, including a hexagonal in-plane split in two by a wall composed of four arches. The north wall of this room is equipped with a marble colonnade Corinthian columns while in the south wall there is a large gate, topped by a pediment and decorated with Dionysian symbols.
Niches in the west walls and eastern wall of the room are statues, including the western wall, a marble statue wearing a peplos, a kind dice dress. The central niche in the wall is enriched with a statue, unfortunately badly damaged, but iidentifiable as Dionysus, the Greek god of wine. To the west of this room, a second room with large doors on the north and south walls, seems to have undergone a change in the commercial home use. Because of its position north of Mount Vesuvius, the building seems to have survived the eruption of 79, but was swallowed up by subsequent eruptions between 472 and 1631. In this room found a millstone, fragments of dolia , large clay amphora, and the remains of a brick oven ..
Other discoveries in the property include the mosaic paving and the remains of polychrome stucco murs.Les several excavations of Somma Vesuviana proved very important for the number of materials, ceramics and domestic utensils found. Vases and kitchen objects encor more enrich the character of knowledge of houses and villas of the Vesuvian archaeological area, which give a superior character to dig beyond the archaeological and historical side. These excavations can discover and learn more about the uses and customs of the Roman house campane