Ch.3 : Administration in City
Some texts in the oscan language dating from the 2nd century BC, recall the main local institutions of the city in its first term.
The Chief Magistrate was the MEDDIX, a corresponding term in the latin judex (community) in the what were conferred the powers of the regions; compared to other communities, it could also be defined meddix as Pompeianus. Magistrates of lower rank were mayors and QUESTORES, which loads and skills, were probably related to the Administration and to the maintenance of public order. The 3 offices were the construction of public buildings and collective works, such as roads, bridges, the gates of the city. Public deliberation, are the KUMBENNIO, the citizens ' Assembly and the KUMPARAKINIO, in which admittedly something of a local Senate. Agency official but of great importance in the life of the aristocracy Pompeian, is the VEREIIA, an organization of military origin in Hellenistic period seems to deal with the formation of the youth of the city. We know nothing about the city's electoral system. It is possible that citizens are grouped into five groups (tribes), since the most likely etymology of the name of the town Pompeii, to search in the Oscan PUMPE name, the city of the five districts.
The short life of a municipium laiss2 some vague memory only a few voter registration and the probable mention of one of the most important magistrate of the city, the "questorio" L. Popidius Epidius., Who was the author of the late works of the great portico of tufa south side of the Forum, largely already built and function during the final period Samnite. With the annexation of Pompeii Roman colony, will constituéest a "Ordo decuhorum Romanaes" comprising about 100 members appointed directly by the DEDUCTOR, it is to this aristocracy who owned the magistrates of the city, called "duoviri dicundo iure" c that is to say, responsible for the administration of justice, and "Duoviris aediles", subordinated to the precedents. They were responsible for 1 year term in July but after a period thus took two solar years. Every 5 years, 2 were elected Duoviris Quinquennals in charge of revising the "Censo", the public census and, therefore, the drafting of the list of decuriones.
With the stabilization of the colony, these were recruited among citizens and between the former magistrates. Many inscriptions the last election stage of the city, present on the facades of many private houses, illustrate the promptness of political competition, in which the candidates were supported by corporations of workers, groups of citizens, men and women, although these do not have voting rights. The election took place in the Forum, closing access openings instead by heavy doors and creating temporary corridors, she was transformed into a "fence to the vote '(Saepta). Citizens were assembled in five different voting districts (tribes or curies), expressing their preference as individual units, regardless of the number of voters, making, was not uncommon case of an elected candidate had received a number of votes over his antagonist.
We do know the name of at least four districts, named after neighborhoods resided subscribers to lists: Forensis including the Forum, named after the former Marine Gate, Forensis the door; Saliniensis in the Northwest, where located Salaria door, which is the current holder Herculaneum; Campaniensis, in the northeast section, where is the door Campana, current Vesuvius door, and finally Urbulanensis coinciding with the non encor excavated area of the city, located south of Urbulana door, that is, say the door of the Urbs, today named Nolae door. We do not know the name of the district including the largest in the extended area southeast of the city. An independent corporation created by "magistri" Pagus Augustus Felix administered the Suburbanus, ie the entire region around Pompei